The ups and downs of trampolines: Injuries associated with backyard trampolines and trampoline parks
To compare characteristics associated with backyard trampoline injuries (BTI) and trampoline park injuries (TPI) using records from the electronic Canadian Hospitals Injury Reporting and Prevention Program (eCHIRPP).
eCHIRPP records for trampoline injuries (2012 to 2016) were extracted using variable codes and narratives, and injuries were examined among individuals 17 years and younger. Descriptive estimates for BTI and TPI, as well as age and sex adjusted odds ratios (OR) for the mechanism, source, body part and type of injury associated with TPIs relative to BTIs, are presented.
Trampoline injuries are increasing in Canada (P<0.01). Patients with TPIs were older than those with BTIs. Relative to BTIs, TPIs were more associated with impact as the mechanism (OR 2.6, 95% CI: 2.2 to 3.1), trampoline beds as the source (OR 1.7, 95% CI: 1.4 to 2.1), lower extremity as the body part (OR 3.7, 95% CI: 3.0 to 4.4) and sprains as the type of injury (OR 2.0, 95% CI: 1.6 to 2.4). In contrast, another jumper (OR 0.5, 95% CI: 0.4 to 0.6) or fall (OR 0.4, 95% CI: 0.4 to 0.6) as the mechanism, surface (OR 0.7, 95% CI: 0.5 to 0.9) or another jumper (OR 0.5, 95% CI: 0.4 to 0.7) as the source, face or neck (OR 0.6, 95% CI: 0.4 to 0.7) as the body part, and lacerations (OR 0.6, 95% CI: 0.3 to 0.9) or soft tissue injury (OR 0.7, 95% CI: 0.6 to 0.9) as the type of injury were more associated with BTIs relative to TPIs.
Trampoline parks result in injuries different than those from backyard trampolines. This examination into the distinct injury characteristics can help to inform future prevention measures.