Parliament Establishes National Suicide Prevention Action Plan
As parliamentarians voted unanimously Wednesday evening in favour of a national suicide prevention action plan, NDP MP Charlie Angus, who proposed the private member’s motion, says he was reciting in his head the names of all the young people lost to suicide on northern Ontario First Nations.
“It was a very emotional moment,” said Angus, who represents Timmins-James Bay.
“But, out of the darkness can come determination and hope.”
M-174 establishes a “national suicide prevention action plan, including among its provisions (i) commitment to the actions and resources required to establish culturally appropriate community-based suicide prevention programs as articulated by representative organizations of the Inuit, First Nations, and Métis peoples.”
Crises in Attawapiskat, Wapekeka inspired motion
As a tribute to those who have lost their lives, Angus says he carries an eagle feather given to him following his visits to Attawapiskat First Nation on the western coast of James Bay.
He says it was given to him following the state of emergency called in that community in April 2016, when 11 people attempted suicide in one day.
It was while responding to repeated crises in northern Ontario First Nations, and what he calls the government’s piecemeal approach to them, that Angus became motivated to do something
“It was particularly the deaths of young girls in Wapekeka (an Oji-Cree First Nation near the Ontario-Manitoba border), when we held that press conference in January of 2017, and the leadership of the community begged the prime minister, begged him, to sit down and say we’ve got to find a way forward,” Angus said.
“That, to me, was really the moment I thought we’ve got to stop being reactive, we have to be pro-active here.”
Online hub for services
The motion also calls for the creation of a national public health monitoring program for the prevention of suicide and the identification of groups at elevated risk.
As well, it mandates the “creation of a national online hub providing essential information and guides to accessing services, in English, French, selected Indigenous languages, and other languages spoken widely in Canada for suicidal individuals, their families and friends, people bereaved by a loved one’s suicide, workplaces and other stakeholders concerned with suicide prevention.”
Jonathan Solomon, the Grand Chief of Mushkegowuk Council, representing Cree communities in northeastern Ontario, says he hopes the strategy will save lives.
It’s an issue that Mushkegowuk Council has explored and attempted to address itself.
On Jan. 20, 2016, Mushkegowuk Council released a report titled, “The People’s Inquiry Into Our Suicide Pandemic.”
The report followed two years of public hearings and the documentation of personal stories. It identified possible solutions to address the suicide pandemic that was crippling the region.
Solomon says the toll on families continues.
“We were losing so many young people, even babies as young as 10 years old. We begged there should be a national strategy. So I would say it’s about time,” he said.
Solomon cautions that for the plan to work, it needs to be culturally appropriate.
“I think it has to be specific, very unique, because our communities are unique and isolated,” he said.
“It has to be appropriate in the culture of the community by utilizing the land-based healing that is so important in our communities.”
As for next steps, Angus says he’ll be pushing Prime Minister Justin Trudeau to set aside financing for the goals set out in the motion.
He cautions the plan isn’t real yet, and the grassroots will need to keep pressuring the government to make it a reality.
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